According to the source of raw materials, production technology, degradation, recovery level,Disposable tableware is divided into the following three categories:
1, biodegradable categories: such as paper products (including pulp molding, cardboard coating), food powder molding, plant fiber molding and so on;
2, light / biodegradable materials categories: light / biodegradable plastics (non-foam) type, such as photobio-degradable PP;
3, easy to recycle Material categories: such as polypropylene (PP), high impact polystyrene (HIPS), biaxially oriented polystyrene (BOPS), natural inorganic mineral filled polypropylene composite products.
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, a variety of disposable paper-based daily necessities, has introduced a wide range of used in different occasions, the life of the paper. In China, the penetration rate of disposable paper products, especially toilet paper and women's hygiene products, is much higher than that of second and third cities and rural areas in first-tier cities. Chi Research Data Research Center said that with the saturated disposable paper products in developed cities, second and third tier cities and rural areas have become new market growth areas.
Why the state ban foam plastic tableware?
The Chinese government stipulates that the production, sale and use of disposable foamed plastic tableware shall be banned from January 1, 2001 for the following reasons:
1, foam plastic tableware exhausted after the hard to recycle;
2, some of the blowing agent used in the production of butane (ie lighter gas), easy to fire, unsafe;
3, the product under high temperature (> 65 ℃) harmful substances easily dissolved, the use of unsafe, especially in the use of microwave easy melting;
4, product size, transportation, storage inconvenient;
5, not easy to decompose, pollute the environment, harmful to human body;
6, there are alternative products (corn starch tableware).
Disposable tableware use hazards
What are the hazards of using environmentally friendly lunch boxes?
Fake environmentally friendly lunch boxes are products that contain large amounts of inorganic mineral fillers such as talcum or calcium carbonate (there are also a few dishes made of waste plastic or waste paper that are more harmful). Acetate residue several times more than the national standard, environmental protection and food hygiene are off, easy to cause such as gallstones and other diseases on the human body, causing serious health hazards.
Disposable tableware identify quality advantages and disadvantages
How can a plastic lunch box really confused?
Poor disposable plastic lunch boxes due to low prices, you can buy a few cents, so by a number of small restaurants welcome. For example, in the production of poor quality meal boxes, a large amount of toxic and harmful materials such as industrial calcium carbonate, talcum powder and paraffin wax are generally added, posing a direct threat to the health of users.
Fake green plastic lunch box hand touch soft, gently tear on the rupture, a smell of pungent and choke the eyes, easy to leak case of heat deformation; fake pulp meal box poor strength, deep color, there is a serious oozing seepage phenomenon; And the lunch box without a factory name, no trademark, no production date; counterfeit lunch boxes heavier than the product, shredded into the water easily sink (qualified product weight less than 1, will not sink); cheap, generally at 0.10 yuan the following, while the real green meal box price above 0.13 yuan.
Taibai convenient chopsticks need to be wary
Many people think that one-time chopsticks are more hygienic and safe when eating outside. However, some small workshops in order to reduce costs, the use of inferior wood. To give chopsticks "whitening", some unscrupulous elements will fumigate and bleach with sulfur. With this chopstick meal, the residual sulfur dioxide will be followed into the body.
How to prevent "poisoning"? After you get a one-time chopsticks, depends on the packaging is printed on the manufacturer's name, trademark and contact information; Those who are too white disposable chopsticks is not credible; You can also smell the smell of chopsticks, if sour Sulfur flavor, it is best not to use. Do not soak chopsticks in hot soup or hot porridge meal for a long time because this will speed up the decomposition of sulfur dioxide. Chopsticks can be washed with cold water surface, reducing residual sulfur dioxide.
Color pipe fancy may not be safe
When drinking drinks, pay attention to that many drinking straw are made of used plastic, which can damage the liver and kidneys.
Some unscrupulous businessmen in order to cover up the variegated straw made of plastic waste, straw will be dyed, the more vivid colors, the greater the potential safety hazard. Experts advise, color straw is best not to use. The raw materials do not rule out the use of industrial plastics, and even waste plastics reuse possible. Identifying Problems Drinking Straws can follow three steps: First ask for information on the production package, date of manufacture, shelf life, manufacturing license and number (QS logo). Identify the color, colorful try not to buy, deep color to pay special attention. Finally, before the pipette is not in contact with the drink to smell the smell of pungent smell, if any smell, the problem is surely a straw.
Clever identification of disposable paper cups
The advantages and disadvantages of disposable paper cups, you can "see a second smell three touch" way to be identified.
Look: In addition to see the packaging manufacturer's name, address, production date, but also look at the light, if there is blue or impurities is best not to buy;
Smell: Are there pungent smell?
Touch: feeling very soft, may be inferior products. Tip: When using a disposable paper cup, it is best to use boiling water, so that the harmful substances in the paper cup full volatilization.
Disposable tableware recycling
Degradation of tableware is not recycled?
Not Any material should not be randomly littering, should actively do a good job classification and recycling, reduce waste of resources and environmental pollution. Even degradable products, but also the need for reasonable disposal or use, leaving the specific environmental factors about product degradation and degradation products is nonsense.
Disposable tableware selling reasons
Why fake green tableware will sell well
1, dealers get more profits;
2, consumers lack of consumer knowledge;
3, the user to reduce the cost of cheap map;
4, some products are engraved on the mold "environmentally-friendly lunch boxes," "degradation meal boxes," "urban green" and other words, but in fact not environmentally friendly, poor health performance, and some consumers only recognize these words, Do not understand the real situation of the product.
Disposable tableware policy reasons
AQSIQ officials at the Beijing Green tableware exchange promotion conference said: "The small lunch box is light and heavy, small and large, both simple and complex." Disposable foam plastic tableware Health, insulation and the advantages of cheap prices widely used in various countries in the world, but due to the difficulties of recycling and handling in the natural environment is not easy to degrade and other shortcomings are also subject to more and more countries. In January 1999, the State Economic and Trade Commission released the Catalog for Eliminating Outdated Production Capabilities, Processes and Products (Decree No. 6), of which, Article 58 stipulated that disposable foaming plastic tableware should be eliminated nationwide by 2000 and that alternative products Request. In 2001, relevant departments of the State Economic and Trade Commission successively issued documents urging relevant localities and units to stop production and use of disposable foaming plastic tableware. In June 2001, the State Environmental Protection Administration issued the "Disposable Tableware for Technical Requirements for Environmental Labeling Products Certification" (HBC1-2001), specifying "non-foaming, non-degradable but easily recyclable tableware," such as polypropylene The product can be used.
There are two national standards for environmentally friendly tableware. The two standards differ somewhat in terms of product categories and indicators, with the former mainly setting standards for degradable tableware and no instructions for non-foamed, non-degradable but easily recyclable tableware such as polypropylene, while the latter is clear This type of product can be used (because the world is used), as long as the recovery rate of 75% to obtain environmental certification mark.
Due to the unification of government decrees, the implementation of the policy of banning foaming tableware across the country is not exactly the same. For example, the People's Government of Beijing Municipality issued Decree No. 25 of March 1999 that restricts the sale of plastic bags and disposable plastic tableware and calls for intensified recycling only at railway stations, coach stations, airports, civilized scenic spots (spots) and Hotels and restaurants ban sales, the use of disposable foam plastic tableware, a maximum penalty of 5,000. However, the No. 84 government order promulgated by Shanghai Municipality in June 2000 put forward the principle of "controlling the source, recycling, and gradually banning and encouraging substitution" for the management of disposable plastic lunch boxes. Beijing and Shanghai are still recycling plastic foam tableware in Shanghai, as long as required to pay the recycling costs, foam tableware or can continue to produce, which is to some extent with the State Economic and Trade Commission on the total ban on the foam Tableware policy conflicts.
At the same time, the state-level documents that prohibit the foaming of cutlery do not have a clear basis for enforcing the law and the intensity of sanctions. Therefore, it has brought some difficulties to the law enforcement agencies.
Tableware manufacturer's fate is so law-abiding and not abiding by the law, in the supervision and laissez-faire, time and again by the policy.
Many manufacturers add talc in raw materials
Powder, calcium carbonate actually exceeded 50%, which led to serious excessive harmful substances in tableware. With a hot bubble, a microwave oven, harmful substances will be dissolved in food, long-term intake will lead to indigestion, gallstones and liver disease and so on. If the cutlery contains industrial paraffin, it may even cause cancer.
One-time use of cutlery three no matter
"The health department is responsible for the food and beverage companies sanitation and tableware disinfection, quality supervision department is the production area, the business sector is in charge of circulation, but the most critical aspects of the use has become a 'three no matter.' But the restaurant package, According to Dong Jinshi introduction, "80% of the market marked degradation meal boxes are poor quality products." It is also learned that two years ago, some brands of instant noodles The package was also found to have problems.
The daily application of the attention:
In daily life should try to use porcelain or glass tableware products, followed by the selection of disposable transparent plastic products, try not to use the cup series of products.
Disposable tableware poor quality paper cups hazards:
We first decompose the inferior paper cup, its composition is: paper, printing ink, industrial paraffin, Lin Mozhi. The following explanation.
First, paper: Many manufacturers to maximize the benefits, and will not use food grade wood pulp paper. Shoddy abound. If the paper is poor (recycling of waste paper) will use bleaching powder and fluorescent brighteners, which is ordinary consumers can not tell.
Second, the printing ink: Production costs determine all the age, the state on the standard printing ink does not seem effective. Therefore, ink containing benzene and toluene are also flooded the market. After the printed paper cup is nested, the ink is likely to contaminate the inner wall of the paper cup.
Third, industrial paraffin: If you do not do waterproof paper cups, then it can hold water it? So there is a paper cup is too paraffin. Wax contains a "polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" of harmful substances, and wax melting point is 40 °, and the oil can dissolve the wax, the consequences you know.
Fourth, Lin Mozhi: Usually we are so called, but in fact it is polyethylene plastic film. A lot of paper cups with coated paper instead of paraffin. But without the paraffin "protection" the outer wall of the cup may get mildewed when wet and the nested cup will be contaminated with mold. And about this plastic film, if it is not food-grade materials, will decompose at high temperatures harmful substances.
In addition, the inferior paper cup is burst to contain bisphenol-A. According to Nanjing Medical University experts on some of the daily necessities in the determination of bisphenol A content, the results show that the test disposable paper cup bisphenol A content is 30 times that of disposable plastic cups, rainwater bisphenol A content is 5 times more pure water in drinking fountains.
Disposable tableware about plastic cups:
Simply put, commonly used plastic cup material is PP and PS. PP high temperature, microwave, so you have used han environmental meal box is done by PP. PS is not high temperature, it is commonly used in cold drinks packaging this piece. In the production process, plastic cups health than paper cups, plastic cups because the production process is simple, high-temperature cooling immediately after packaging. Paper cups have printing, cutting, film, reel, curling, do not know how many hands to be touched.
But then again, plastic cups are OK, but not necessarily in China. Someone even asked me before, can plastic plastic cups do not use recycled plastic, my heart is even despised, but it can not be demonstrated. I told him that the recycled plastic had impurities and made the cup unsightly. Recycled material is only one, I believe few people do it. Because of intense market competition ah. Transparent plastic cup can be seen at a glance. Then there can not see it? Is the additive. Gypsum powder (milky cup)? Toughening agent? antifreeze? Its harm or not, I do not know. But to be sure, China's plastic cups exported to the United States are "food-grade pure PP." People can not tolerate a little bit of impurities in the eyes, testing unqualified immediately let you go home!
In fact, in our daily life, we contact the crisper, packing boxes, plastic bags, food bags, plastic cups, we must go carefully observe, if the product is transparent and translucent can rest assured that use, because basically it is polypropylene raw materials and Polyethylene raw materials once formed, the process did not add any additives and additives; if found during use to your lunch box is other colors, especially milky white with black spots, please do not use, because the process of adding color Masterbatch raw materials or toner, a large number of milky white filler added to reduce costs.